Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems,
Synchronization in coupled oscillator systems
Abstract: Collective synchronization involves a large population of coupled oscillators of diverse frequencies spontaneously synchronizing to oscillate at a common frequency. Common examples are synchronized firings of heart cells, phase synchronization in electrical power networks, rhythmic applause in concert halls, etc. The Kuramoto model serves as a prototype to study collective synchronization. The model comprises oscillators with distributed natural frequencies interacting through a mean-field coupling. Interpreting the dynamics as that of a long-range interacting system driven out of equilibrium by quench disordered external torques, I will discuss the rich out-of-equilibrium phenomena the model exhibits, and in particular, its complete phase diagram for unimodal frequency distributions.